What is Body Dysmorphic Disorder?
Body Dysmorphic Disorder (BDD) is a psychological condition in which a person is preoccupied with their self-image, specifically with an imagined or minor defect in their appearance. BDD has many similarities to Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) and it is considered one of the “Obsessive Compulsive and Related Disorders” due to its core obsessive and compulsive features, as well as its similarities to OCD in symptomatology, neurobiology, co-morbidities and treatment response.
BDD affects men and women equally, and it usually originates during the teen years or early adulthood. It has often been called “imagined ugliness”, and it affects 1-2% of the population, making it more common than schizophrenia and bipolar disorder. BDD sufferers often feel physically unattractive and may be incapable of interacting with others, affecting their ability to function within society, home, and relationships. Persons with BDD have a constant fear of ridicule and humiliation as a result of their appearance. A large proportion of people diagnosed with Body Dysmorphic Disorder will also experience an anxiety or depressive disorder, agoraphobia, or obsessive-compulsive disorder.