What is Trichotillomania?
Trichotillomania is also known as “Hair Pulling Disorder.” Trichotillomania is considered to be an Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) Spectrum Disorder and one of a group of behaviors known as Body Focused Repetitive Behaviors (BFRBs). Trichotillomania is the repetitive pulling out of one’s own hair or other aberrant self-grooming behaviors in which individuals pull, pick, scrape, or bite their own hair, skin, or nails, resulting in damage to their own body. Common areas of focus are the scalp, eyebrows, eyelashes, nose, legs, arms, hands, and pubic region, and is usually confined to one or two sites. The DSM-5 diagnostic criteria include:
- Recurrent hair pulling resulting in hair loss.
- Repeated attempts to decrease or stop the behavior.
- Clinically significant distress or impairment in social, occupational, or other area of functioning.
- Not due to substance abuse or a medical condition (e.g., dermatological condition).
- Not better accounted for by another psychiatric disorder.