What does psychological treatment have to do with relationship difficulties?
It is not uncommon in life to have difficulties dealing with family and loved ones. However, a pervasive pattern of difficulties in relationships can arise when a person has intense emotions or fears when in conflict, low self-esteem, or underlying psychological problems. These issues may prevent a person from being able to initiate and expand intimate relationships. Personality disorders, depression and anxiety can sabotage a person’s ability to have a fulfilling relationship with a significant other or family members and friends.
What types of psychological issues can affect relationships?
Persons with personality issues such as Borderline or Narcissistic Personality traits, frequently have problems with relationships. Mood instability and unpredictability of behavior make it difficult for partners of people with personality problems to find consistency and stability in the relationship. Conflict arises around the maladaptive behaviors of the person with a personality issue. Similarly, when one partner suffers from depression it profoundly affects the other partner. The depressed person does not have the energy to effectively participate in the relationship. Sexual dysfunction, isolation, and problems with work and financial difficulties can further sabotage the relationship. Post-partum depression is also a significant cause of marital discord that must be properly identified and addressed. Bipolar personality affects relationships through depression, with the added stressor of manic episodes. During manic episodes, a person may act impulsively or destructively, with risk-taking behaviors that adversely affect their partner or family. Anxiety problems can also produce relationship difficulties, by undermining a person’s ability to have a significant intimate relationship. Isolating behaviors, obsessive compulsive behaviors, and avoidant behaviors can make intimacy and communication difficult.