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March 7, 2011

Long Acting Risperidone and severe Bipolar Disorder

Persons with severe Bipolar Disorder with psychotic symptoms may benefit from a newer treatment modality:  long acting injectable Risperidone.  Researchers in Canada compared ten patients with Bipolar Disorder with psychotic symptoms who had been refractory to other treatments.  They administered long acting injectable Risperidone twice weekly.  They found significant improvement in daily functioning, with an increase in gainful employment and return to independent living in the experimental group without significant side effects.  This study demonstrates that persons with severe Bipolar Disorder who have been non-compliant with or refractory to treatment may benefit from long acting injectable Risperidone.

Int Clin Psychopharmacol. 2011 Mar 2.
Malempati RN, Bond DJ, Kunz M, Malemati C, Cheng A, Yatham LN.
aHotel-Dieu Grace Hospital, Windsor bDepartment of Psychiatry, University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario cDepartment of Psychiatry, Mood Disorders Centre, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.
Bipolar disorder (BD) with psychotic features is a difficult-to-treat form of the illness that is associated with a poor prognosis. We hypothesized that treatment with adjunctive risperidone long-acting injectable (RLAI) is well-tolerated and efficacious in treating patients with psychotic BD. Ten patients with BDI or BDII with psychotic features who were refractory to earlier treatments were prescribed adjunctive open-label RLAI 25-62.5 mg q twice weekly. The patients were followed prospectively for 3 years. The severity of mood and psychotic symptoms was measured using clinical rating scales, and information regarding relapses, hospitalizations, extra-pyramidal symptom, weight gain, and other side effects was also gathered. Young Mania Rating Scale scores, Montgomery Asberg Depression Rating Scale scores, psychosis rating scale scores, and the numbers of mood episodes and hospitalizations were reduced during 3 years of RLAI therapy compared with an equivalent pretreatment period. Only three patients experienced relapses with psychotic symptoms. Functional outcomes were also improved, with substantial numbers of previously disabled patients able to return to gainful employment and independent living. RLAI was associated with minimal extra-pyramidal symptom, modest weight gain, and few other side effects. Adjunctive RLAI can be considered as a treatment option in patients with psychotic BD.
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